5 Ways To Calm Hay Fever Naturally

Spring can be a miserable time for people who suffer from hay fever and allergies.


Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is one of the most common allergies, especially when Spring pollen is abundant in the air.

Seasonal allergies affect 1 in 5 people in Australia.

Hay fever can be exhausting, undermining your strength and ability to function.

The good news is that you can address the causal level of allergies and naturally calm the hypersensitivity of your immune system.


An allergy is an overreaction to something in the environment your immune system is mistakenly trying to protect you from.

People can have a hypersensitive reaction to a particular food • pollen • fur • dust • household cleaning products • synthetic fragrances • or even mould spores in the environment.

Allergy symptoms can range from itching • swollen eyes • lethargy • swellings • a scratchy throat • a stuffed or runny nose • sneezing • hives • and rashes • to vomiting • asthma (wheezing, coughing and difficulty breathing) • and anaphylaxis – which is a potentially life-threatening allergic reaction.

So why does the immune system overreact?

Immune mast cell releasing histamine during an allergic response.
Immune mast cell releasing histamine during an allergic response.


Mast cells are an essential part of your immune system.

These blood cells release ‘signalling’ molecules called histamines that warn your body a foreign invader has been detected that can cause harm (infection).

Your histamines act to protect you from threat, increasing blood flow to the area of attack and causing acute inflammation.

Inflammation then triggers other parts of your immune system to help you heal and overcome infection.

But histamines are also blamed for causing allergy symptoms when your body overreacts to ‘harmless’ substances.

Antihistamines have become a popular hay fever medication because they block the effect of histamines.

They help manage allergy symptoms almost immediately, but they are not an ideal or long-term solution because of numerous adverse side effects.

To naturally calm hay fever, you need to discover why your body is hypersensitive and prone to allergies.

And you’ll find the biggest reason is your gut.

Healing gut imbalances (dysbiosis) offers many health benefits, including calming allergies.

Chart depicting the health benefits of healing the gut, including allergies and hay fever.


Trillions of bacteria live in your gut (your gut microbiome).

Most of your immune system also resides in your gut.

Studies have found that people with allergies (including hay fever) often have less abundant and diverse gut microorganisms compared to those who don’t experience allergies.

Clinical evidence has shown that probiotics help regulate your immune system and the microbial balance of your gut, leading to a reduction in allergic disorders.

Probiotics have been shown to benefit hay fever (allergic rhinitis), asthma, and atopic dermatitis.


Probiotics are a mixture of live, health-promoting microorganisms found in certain foods and supplements.

Beneficial effects include a reduction in hyperreactivity and inflammation caused by allergens.

They help calm allergy reactions while you focus on healing the causal issues of your symptoms.

Researchers found that probiotic therapy depends on the type of microbial species you take, dosage, diet, medications, and other unique health factors.

If you suffer from hay fever, working with a practitioner who specialises in gut health is best to determine the proper probiotics for you.

Getting the right advice is even more critical if you suffer from a gastrointestinal or immune disorder.

Functions of Probiotics chart, an important consideration in calming allergies.


What we eat every day influences our health outcomes.

Probiotic foods are fermented foods containing beneficial bacteria that promote a more robust and diverse gut microbiome.

Eating fermented foods is a practical strategy for maintaining microbial balance.

BUT – fermented foods are also high in histamines.

If you suffer from hay fever or food sensitivities, you may need to eliminate fermented foods from your diet until you heal your underlying allergy issues.

Then slowly reintroduce probiotics back into your diet.

Probiotic foods include:

• Live (real) Organic yoghurt – unsweetened, free of additives and flavouring.

• Cultured Greek yoghurt – unsweetened, free of additives and flavouring.

• Cultured Coconut yoghurt – unsweetened, free of additives and flavouring.

• Kefir – a cultured, fermented milk drink.

• Kombucha – a slightly fizzy drink made from fermented black tea.

• Kvass – a fermented drink made from rye, berries, herbs and honey.

• Tepache – made from the peel and the rind of pineapples and cinnamon.

• Kimchi – a spicy, traditional Korean sauerkraut made from fermented vegetables.

• Natto – a traditional Japanese dish made from fermented soybeans.

• Miso – fermented soybean paste used as seasoning and making soup.

• Tempeh – a traditional Indonesian food made from fermented soybeans.

• Sauerkraut –fermented, finely sliced cabbage with a salty and sour flavour.

• Fermented pickled vegetables.

• Organic or biodynamic (only) apples are abundant in beneficial bacteria.

• Organic apple cider vinegar with the mother.

• Organic, aged Gouda cheese.

• Organic Paneer – a raw Indian cheese rich in probiotics.

Chart depicting the role of prebiotic food in human health.


Prebiotics are also essential for maintaining a healthy gut.

It’s recommended that we eat 5-7 serves of prebiotic foods every day.

Prebiotics feed your microbiome, boosting the growth and activity of beneficial gut microorganisms.

If you don’t feed your friendly bacteria, they will starve to death.

In our blog, Your Gut Microbiome & Why Prebiotics Are Essential – we list prebiotic power foods beneficial gut bacteria thrive on that you can easily add to your diet.

We also share live links in our references so that you can explore the role of prebiotic foods in human health.


When you suffer from hay fever and allergies, there are two issues that you need to calm.

The first – is the histamine ‘storm’ you’ve got going on inside your body.

The second – is chronic inflammation, the consequence of histamine action.

What you eat makes a huge difference.

Even certain healthy foods can directly exacerbate histamine release, thus increasing allergy symptoms.

And everyone has unique dietary triggers.

Allergy sufferers need to pinpoint which foods promote anti-inflammatory responses and which foods provoke a histamine response.

Then adjust your diet according to what calms and heals your body.

Some people choose to eat a low-histamine diet and use trial and error to find foods they can tolerate without triggering their allergies.

Others undergo skin prick allergy tests and blood tests to confirm what they are sensitive or allergic to – which can be time-consuming and often expensive.

Alternatively, muscle testing (kinesiology) is a non-invasive diagnostic tool used to help tailor a diet to your unique health status.

Kinesiology is used as part of a whole range of methods of diagnosis used by naturopaths.

Whatever method you choose, please don’t ignore food’s impact on your health.

Diet is an essential strategy for calming hay fever and allergies.

Photo of plate of baked vegetables for low histamine diet for hay fever and allergies.


A low histamine diet is an excellent place to begin soothing allergies.

Low histamine foods generally do not trigger the release of your body’s natural histamine.

Adopting a low-histamine diet helps you alleviate allergy symptoms while you address the root cause(s) of your hypersensitivity and slowly rebuild your tolerance to allergens.

Then, as you strengthen your gut microbiome, you can slowly reintroduce a wider range of foods.

Generally, a low histamine diet includes:

• fresh organic or biodynamic vegetables.

• non-citrus fruit.

• organic chicken (fresh or frozen).

• very fresh or frozen fish protein sources.

• organic egg yolks.

• lactose-free, gluten-free, GMO-free, and sugar-free foods that are also free from synthetic chemicals.

Cold-pressed oils rich in an enzyme called diamine oxidase (DAO) are recommended in our allergy diet because they help break down histamine in your body to improve your histamine tolerance.

Herbal teas and fresh herbs with antihistamine and anti-allergenic effects are also included.

It’s best to eat organic or biodynamic food and avoid eating genetically modified food.

Conventional farming involves using synthetic chemicals and pesticides known to harm human health and fertility.

Crops are also being genetically modified to produce insecticide toxins to increase yields.

There are concerns that eating GM foods can contribute to cancer development by raising levels of potentially carcinogenic (cancer-causing) substances in the body.

Also, avoid buying processed foods that contain artificial preservatives and additives, sodium benzoate, sulphites, nitrites, glutamate, synthetic dyes and flavouring, and flavour enhancers such as monosodium glutamate (msg).

Check every food label before you buy it.

Photo of low histamine vegetables as part of a low histamine diet for treating hay fever and allergies.


The following lists of foods have either an antihistamine effect or are low in histamine to help you reduce the impact of hay fever and allergies.

Low histamine foods should form most of your diet.

The idea is to avoid foods that trigger histamine and inflammation until you heal the issues that result in allergy disorders.


Alfalfa sprouts





Bok Choy


Brussels sprouts









Green capsicum

Heritage potatoes



Mung bean sprouts

Mushrooms (cooked)








Red capsicum

Red Onion

Spring onions

Sweet corn (non-gmo)

Sweet potatoes

Swiss chard



Blueberries as part of a low histamine diet to reduce allergy s and hay fever symptoms.






Cherries (fresh or frozen)


Cranberries (fresh or frozen)

Dragon fruit

Fresh figs


Kiwi fruit







Aloe Vera


Black Cumin (nigella sativa)

Capers (salt-dried)












The power of herbal lemon balm tea.



Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum, tulsi)

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis L.)

Nettle tea (Urtica dioica)

Green Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis, unfermented)

Spearmint (Mentha spicata)

Plantain leaf (Plantago major. P.)


Avocado oil*

Coconut oil

Olive oil

Avocado oil* is not recommended if you have severe histamine intolerance.


All-purpose gluten-free flour

Black rice

Brown rice flour

Chia seeds

Coconut flour

Hemp seeds

Linseeds (flaxseed)


Oat bran


Rice bran

Whole organic oats

Gluten free flour and foods are recommended in allergy free diet strategies.


Local, raw honey (introduce slowly)

Manuka honey

Monk Fruit*

Coconut palm sugar (small amounts)

Pure maple syrup (small amounts)

Monk Fruit* is a natural plant-based sweetener used in Chinese Herbal Medicine.

Even better – monk fruit is sugar-free and delicious.

Avoid synthetic sweeteners and sugar alcohols such as xylitol.

In our blog about the benefits of Monk Fruit, we also share information on sugar and artificial sweeteners and their impact on your health.


Coconut milk

Organic Brown Rice milk (unsweetened)

Organic Hemp milk

Organic Oat milk

Homemade oat milk as a low histamine replacement for lactose dairy - as part of an allergy diet.


Histamine liberators are foods that may contain low amounts of histamine but can trigger a histamine release in your body.

Until you heal your gut, avoid the following histamine liberators:

• Avocado

• Alcohol

• Cacao

• Chocolate

• Citrus fruits

• Dried fruit

• Egg whites

• Nuts

• Papaya

• Pineapple

• Raspberries

• Strawberries

• Tomatoes

• Wheat germ

Cheese is high in histamines and should be avoided on an allergy diet.


The aim of reducing high levels of histamine foods in your diet is to calm inflammation and reduce histamine reactions (allergies).

It’s not forever.

Work with your practitioner to heal the underlying cause(s) of your allergies.

Then slowly reintroduce foods and test your reactions.


Aged cheese (soft and hard)*




Canned fish

Chilli powder



Citrus fruits*


Cured meats


Dried fruit (sulphured)


Fermented drinks (alcohol)

Fermented foods

Miso paste





Processed meats


Soured foods

Soy sauce






Vinegar foods (sauces and pickles)


Cheese* If you are craving cheese, small amounts of organic paneer, ricotta, cottage cheese, mascarpone, and fresh mozzarella are lower in histamines.

Citrus* Small amounts of lemon and lime with olive oil are okay to use in salad or vegetable dressings, and generally tolerated.

Vinegar* Organic apple cider vinegar (with the mother) is considered low in histamines and easier to tolerate. Use apple cider vinegar with olive oil and garlic to dress salads and vegetables.

Junk food is detrimental to health and promotes poor gut health, which contributes to allergic disorders.


The right foods have a beneficial effect on your immune function, gut microbiome, and overall health.

Avoid or severely limit foods that kill off essential microflora, especially synthetic chemicals used in preservatives, additives, colouring, flavour, and flavour enhancers (msg).

Synthetic preservatives are usually found in foods with a long shelf life.

They have a long shelf life because preservatives inhibit or kill off microbes – including the friendly bacteria in your gut if you eat them.

Ditch foods containing synthetic chemicals and eat fresh, whole foods!


Artificial sweeteners *

Energy drinks

Fast foods

Foods high in added sugars

Foods high in trans/saturated fatty acids

Foods low in dietary fibre

Highly refined carbohydrates*

Highly processed foods

Highly refined grains

Lollies (candy)


Processed meats (nitrates)

Refined sugar (white)

Soft drinks (cooldrink)

Sweet foods with added sugars

Artificial sweeteners* Artificially sweetened foods can increase histamine intolerance.

Highly refined carbohydrates* Eat ‘whole’ foods, wholemeal.


You can download a printable version of our ALLERGIES DIET Food List here.

You are also welcome to share the diet with your family and friends.

We want to help as many people as we can become allergy-free.

Natural Medicine for Hayfever and allergies to ragweed.


Along with probiotics and diet, naturopaths also use specific nutrients, enzymes, and herbal supplements to calm inflammation and improve allergen and histamine tolerance.

Supplementation has been clinically shown to relieve hay fever symptoms and allergies.

We’ve included live links to research studies in our references below so you can explore their benefits.

If you are considering taking natural remedies to help your allergies, seeking qualified advice is vital because even natural medicines are dose-dependent.

Practitioners also consider other factors unique to you, including your current health status and any pharmaceutical medications you may be taking.




Astragalus root

Baical Skullcap

Butterbur (Petasites hybridus)


Licorice root

Magnolia flower

Perilla (Perilla frutescens)


Scutellaria root

Stephania root






Marshmallow root

Milk Thistle (Silymarin)

Omega-3 fatty acids


SPM’s (orchestrate resolution at the site of inflammation)

Vitamin A

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B12

Vitamin C

Vitamin D



Histamine intolerance (mostly associated with food sensitivity) can be due to a deficiency of the gastrointestinal enzyme diamine oxidase (DAO).

DAO deficiency results in food histamines not being broken down or absorbed properly within the gastrointestinal tract.

Acupuncture is a proven effective treatment for allergies and hay fever.


Studies also demonstrate that acupuncture is another effective method to treat persistent allergic rhinitis (hay fever).

In one trial, 487 patients received acupuncture and were compared to 494 patients in a control group.

After 3 months, the acupuncture group recorded significant improvements in symptoms and quality of life benefits.

Reviews of other clinical studies indicate that acupuncture therapy has a comparable effect to medication treatments for both moderate and severe allergic rhinitis (hay fever).

Altogether, acupuncture offers a safe way to treat allergies without the risk of adverse effects.

Rener Health Clinics support image for hay fever.


It’s not surprising Australia is the allergy capital of the world.

When nature bursts with blooms and wildflowers in Spring, we get busy at the clinic helping people overcome their hypersensitivity to pollens.

We help our clients discover that you don’t need to suffer from allergies.

Instead, you can alter your diet.

You can restore imbalances and deficiencies.

You can rebuild your gut microbiome.

And you can realise that your body is designed to be healthy.


Our naturopaths offer a range of protocols for all types of allergies, including hay fever.

Tracey Blythe specialises in gut health and herbal medicine and evens offers gut health programs that include menu plans and recipes.

Rebecca James offers both kinesiology and naturopathic support to address allergies.

Mike Reid specialises in acupuncture and includes live blood analysis in his approach to naturopathy.

There is always help and hope here.

All the very best,

Lisa Rieniets ND.


Agarwal S, Singh SN, Kumar R, Sehra R. Vitamin D: A Modulator of Allergic Rhinitis. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 Nov;71(Suppl 3):2225-2230. doi: 10.1007/s12070-019-01697-9. Epub 2019 Jun 27. PMID: 31763325; PMCID: PMC6848614.

Amit A, Saxena VS, Pratibha N, D’Souza P, Bagchi M, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ. Mast cell stabilization, lipoxygenase inhibition, hyaluronidase inhibition, antihistaminic and antispasmodic activities of Aller-7, a novel botanical formulation for allergic rhinitis. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 2003;29(3):107-15. PMID: 14708456.

Bao H, Si D, Gao L, Sun H, Shi Q, Yan Y, Damchaaperenlei D, Li C, Yu M, Li Y. Acupuncture for the treatment of allergic rhinitis: A systematic review protocol. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Dec;97(51):e13772. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013772. PMID: 30572530; PMCID: PMC6320097.

Bond TJ, Derbyshire EJ (2020) Rooibos Tea and Health: A Systematic Review of the Evidence from the Last Two Decades. Nutr Food Technol Open Access 6(1): dx.doi.org/10.16966/2470-6086.166

Branco ACCC, Yoshikawa FSY, Pietrobon AJ, Sato MN. Role of Histamine in Modulating the Immune Response and Inflammation. Mediators Inflamm. 2018 Aug 27;2018:9524075. doi: 10.1155/2018/9524075. PMID: 30224900; PMCID: PMC6129797.

Brinkhaus B, Witt CM, Jena S, Liecker B, Wegscheider K, Willich SN. Acupuncture in patients with allergic rhinitis: a pragmatic randomized trial. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2008 Nov;101(5):535-43. doi: 10.1016/S1081-1206(10)60294-3. PMID: 19055209.

Bunyavanich S, Berin MC. Food allergy and the microbiome: Current understandings and future directions. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 Dec;144(6):1468-1477. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2019.10.019. PMID: 31812181; PMCID: PMC6905201.

Blosa M, Uricher J, Nebel S, Zahner C, Butterweck V, Drewe J. Treatment of Early Allergic and Late Inflammatory Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis with Petasites hybridus Leaf Extract (Ze 339): Results of a Noninterventional Observational Study in Switzerland. Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2021 Feb 24;14(3):180. doi: 10.3390/ph14030180. PMID: 33668395; PMCID: PMC7996175. [Butterbur]

Chen S, Wang J, Bai P, Zhao Q, Tan C, Wang B, Zhang J, Zhao J. [Moderate and severe persistent allergic rhinitis treated with acupuncture: a randomized controlled trial]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2015 Dec;35(12):1209-13. Chinese. PMID: 26964157.

Davani-Davari D, Negahdaripour M, Karimzadeh I, Seifan M, Mohkam M, Masoumi SJ, Berenjian A, Ghasemi Y. Prebiotics: Definition, Types, Sources, Mechanisms, and Clinical Applications. Foods. 2019 Mar 9;8(3):92. doi: 10.3390/foods8030092. PMID: 30857316; PMCID: PMC6463098.

De Siena M, Raoul P, Costantini L, Scarpellini E, Cintoni M, Gasbarrini A, Rinninella E, Mele MC. Food Emulsifiers and Metabolic Syndrome: The Role of the Gut Microbiota. Foods. 2022 Jul 25;11(15):2205. doi: 10.3390/foods11152205. PMID: 35892789; PMCID: PMC9331555.

Fu Q, Zhang L, Liu Y, Li X, Yang Y, Dai M, Zhang Q. Effectiveness of Acupuncturing at the Sphenopalatine Ganglion Acupoint Alone for Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019 Mar 12;2019:6478102. doi: 10.1155/2019/6478102. PMID: 30992709; PMCID: PMC6434301.

Galli SJ, Tsai M, Piliponsky AM. The development of allergic inflammation. Nature. 2008 Jul 24;454(7203):445-54. doi: 10.1038/nature07204. PMID: 18650915; PMCID: PMC3573758.

Gholizadeh P, Mahallei M, Pormohammad A, Varshochi M, Ganbarov K, Zeinalzadeh E, Yousefi B, Bastami M, Tanomand A, Mahmood SS, Yousefi M, Asgharzadeh M, Kafil HS. Microbial balance in the intestinal microbiota and its association with diabetes, obesity and allergic disease. Microb Pathog. 2019 Feb;127:48-55. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2018.11.031. Epub 2018 Nov 29. PMID: 30503960.

Gibb JL. Is Food Making You Sick? The Strictly Low Histamine Diet. Brighton, Victoria; Publisher, Leaves of Gold Press; 2014. ISBN-10. 1925110508 ; ISBN-13. 978-1925110500.

Guo, Hong; Liu, Ming-ping. Mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Chinese Medical Journal 126(4):p756-760, February 20, 2013. | DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.20121844

He M, Qin W, Qin Z, Zhao C. Acupuncture for allergic rhinitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Med Res. 2022 Apr 25;27(1):58. doi: 10.1186/s40001-022-00682-3. PMID: 35462555; PMCID: PMC9036742.

Hrubisko M, Danis R, Huorka M, Wawruch M. Histamine Intolerance-The More We Know the Less We Know. A Review. Nutrients. 2021 Jun 29;13(7):2228. doi: 10.3390/nu13072228. PMID: 34209583; PMCID: PMC8308327.

Jafarinia, M., Sadat Hosseini, M., kasiri, N. et al. Quercetin with the potential effect on allergic diseases. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 16, 36 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13223-020-00434-0

Kamei R, Fujimura T, Matsuda M, Kakihara K, Hirakawa N, Baba K, Ono K, Arakawa K, Kawamoto S. A flavanone derivative from the Asian medicinal herb (Perilla frutescens) potently suppresses IgE-mediated immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Jan 29;483(1):674-679. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.12.083. Epub 2016 Dec 13. PMID: 27986566.

Käufeler R, Polasek W, Brattström A, Koetter U. Efficacy and safety of butterbur herbal extract Ze 339 in seasonal allergic rhinitis: postmarketing surveillance study. Adv Ther. 2006 Mar-Apr;23(2):373-84. doi: 10.1007/BF02850143. PMID: 16751170.

Krystel-Whittemore M, Dileepan KN, Wood JG. Mast Cell: A Multi-Functional Master Cell. Front Immunol. 2016 Jan 6;6:620. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2015.00620. PMID: 26779180; PMCID: PMC4701915.

Laudisi F, Stolfi C, Monteleone G. Impact of Food Additives on Gut Homeostasis. Nutrients. 2019 Oct 1;11(10):2334. doi: 10.3390/nu11102334. PMID: 31581570; PMCID: PMC6835893.

Lee D, Kim HS, Shin E, Do SG, Lee CK, Kim YM, Lee MB, Min KY, Koo J, Kim SJ, Nam ST, Kim HW, Park YH, Choi WS. Polysaccharide isolated from Aloe vera gel suppresses ovalbumin-induced food allergy through inhibition of Th2 immunity in mice. Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 May;101:201-210. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.02.061. Epub 2018 Feb 26. PMID: 29494957.

Li Du, L. Du, Xiaotong Ye, X. Ye, Manman Li, M. Li, Huihui Wang, H. Wang, Baixia Zhang, B. Zhang, Rao Zheng, R. Zheng, & Yun Wang, Y. Wang. (0000). Mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicines in the treatment of allergic rhinitis using a network biology approach. Journal of traditional Chinese medical sciences, 8, 82-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcms.2016.11.007

Li, P., Li, M., Wu, T. et al. Systematic evaluation of antimicrobial food preservatives on glucose metabolism and gut microbiota in healthy mice. npj Sci Food 6, 42 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41538-022-00158-y

Lopez-Santamarina A, Gonzalez EG, Lamas A, Mondragon ADC, Regal P, Miranda JM. Probiotics as a Possible Strategy for the Prevention and Treatment of Allergies. A Narrative Review. Foods. 2021 Mar 25;10(4):701. doi: 10.3390/foods10040701. PMID: 33806092; PMCID: PMC8064452.

Mainardi T, Kapoor S, Bielory L. Complementary and alternative medicine: herbs, phytochemicals and vitamins and their immunologic effects. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Feb;123(2):283-94; quiz 295-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2008.12.023.

Mi J, Chen X, Lin X, Guo J, Chen H, Wei L, Hong H. Treatment of persistent allergic rhinitis via acupuncture at the sphenopalatine acupoint: a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2018 Jan 11;19(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-2339-z. PMID: 29325594; PMCID: PMC5765676.

Nahok K, Phetcharaburanin J, Li JV, Silsirivanit A, Thanan R, Boonnate P, Joonhuathon J, Sharma A, Anutrakulchai S, Selmi C, Cha’on U. Monosodium Glutamate Induces Changes in Hepatic and Renal Metabolic Profiles and Gut Microbiome of Wistar Rats. Nutrients. 2021 May 30;13(6):1865. doi: 10.3390/nu13061865. PMID: 34070818; PMCID: PMC8229789.

Najafian Y, Hamedi SS, Farshchi MK, Feyzabadi Z. Plantago major in Traditional Persian Medicine and modern phytotherapy: a narrative review. Electron Physician. 2018 Feb 25;10(2):6390-6399. doi: 10.19082/6390. PMID: 29629064; PMCID: PMC5878035.

Oh HA, Park CS, Ahn HJ, Park YS, Kim HM. Effect of Perilla frutescens var. acuta Kudo and rosmarinic acid on allergic inflammatory reactions. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2011 Jan;236(1):99-106. doi: 10.1258/ebm.2010.010252. PMID: 21239739.

Pratibha N, Saxena VS, Amit A, D’Souza P, Bagchi M, Bagchi D. Anti-inflammatory activities of Aller-7, a novel polyherbal formulation for allergic rhinitis. Int J Tissue React. 2004;26(1-2):43-51. PMID: 15573692.

Roschek B Jr, Fink RC, McMichael M, Alberte RS. Nettle extract (Urtica dioica) affects key receptors and enzymes associated with allergic rhinitis. Phytother Res. 2009 Jul;23(7):920-6. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2763. PMID: 19140159.

Sahoyama Y, Hamazato F, Shiozawa M, Nakagawa T, Suda W, Ogata Y, Hachiya T, Kawakami E, Hattori M. Multiple nutritional and gut microbial factors associated with allergic rhinitis: the Hitachi Health Study. Sci Rep. 2022 Mar 1;12(1):3359. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-07398-8. PMID: 35233003; PMCID: PMC8888718.

Sayin I, Cingi C, Oghan F, Baykal B, Ulusoy S. Complementary therapies in allergic rhinitis. ISRN Allergy. 2013 Nov 13;2013:938751. doi: 10.1155/2013/938751. PMID: 24324897; PMCID: PMC3845706.

Sbihi H, Boutin RC, Cutler C, Suen M, Finlay BB, Turvey SE. Thinking bigger: How early-life environmental exposures shape the gut microbiome and influence the development of asthma and allergic disease. Allergy. 2019 Nov;74(11):2103-2115. doi: 10.1111/all.13812. Epub 2019 May 15. PMID: 30964945.

Schapowal A; Petasites Study Group. Randomised controlled trial of butterbur and cetirizine for treating seasonal allergic rhinitis. BMJ. 2002 Jan 19;324(7330):144-6. doi: 10.1136/bmj.324.7330.144. PMID: 11799030; PMCID: PMC64514.

Schnedl WJ, Schenk M, Lackner S, Enko D, Mangge H, Forster F. Diamine oxidase supplementation improves symptoms in patients with histamine intolerance. Food Sci Biotechnol. 2019 May 24;28(6):1779-1784. doi: 10.1007/s10068-019-00627-3. PMID: 31807350; PMCID: PMC6859183.

Secor ER Jr, Szczepanek SM, Castater CA, Adami AJ, Matson AP, Rafti ET, Guernsey L, Natarajan P, McNamara JT, Schramm CM, Thrall RS, Silbart LK. Bromelain Inhibits Allergic Sensitization and Murine Asthma via Modulation of Dendritic Cells. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:702196. doi: 10.1155/2013/702196. Epub 2013 Dec 5. PMID: 24381635; PMCID: PMC3870104.

Shen, C., Yin, XC., Jiao, BY. et al. Evaluation of adverse effects/events of genetically modified food consumption: a systematic review of animal and human studies. Environ Sci Eur 34, 8 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-021-00578-9

Sim LY, Abd Rani NZ, Husain K. Lamiaceae*: An Insight on Their Anti-Allergic Potential and Its Mechanisms of Action. Front Pharmacol. 2019 Jun 19;10:677. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2019.00677. PMID: 31275149; PMCID: PMC6594199.

[*Lamiacae family includes: Melissa (lemon balm), Mentha (mint), Lavandula (lavender), Origanum (marjoram), Rosmarinus (rosemary) and Thymus (thyme).]

Swanson N.L, Leu A, Abrahamson J, Wallet B. Genetically engineered crops, glyphosate, and the deterioration of health in the United States of America.
Journal of Organic Systems 9(2), 2014.

Takano H, Osakabe N, Sanbongi C, Yanagisawa R, Inoue K, Yasuda A, Natsume M, Baba S, Ichiishi E, Yoshikawa T. Extract of Perilla frutescens enriched for rosmarinic acid, a polyphenolic phytochemical, inhibits seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in humans. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2004 Mar;229(3):247-54. doi: 10.1177/153537020422900305. PMID: 14988517.

Tian HQ, Cheng L. The role of vitamin D in allergic rhinitis. Asia Pac Allergy. 2017 Apr;7(2):65-73. doi: 10.5415/apallergy.2017.7.2.65. Epub 2017 Apr 18. PMID: 28487837; PMCID: PMC5410413.

Thomet OA, Schapowal A, Heinisch IV, Wiesmann UN, Simon HU. Anti-inflammatory activity of an extract of Petasites hybridus in allergic rhinitis. Int Immunopharmacol. 2002 Jun;2(7):997-1006. doi: 10.1016/s1567-5769(02)00046-2. PMID: 12188041. [Butterbur]

Vlieg-Boerstra, B, Groetch, M, Vassilopoulou, E, et al. The immune-supportive diet in allergy management: A narrative review and proposal. Allergy. 2023; 78: 1441-1458. doi:10.1111/all.15687

Vollbracht C, Raithel M, Krick B, Kraft K, Hagel AF. Intravenous vitamin C in the treatment of allergies: an interim subgroup analysis of a long-term observational study. Journal of International Medical Research. 2018;46(9):3640-3655. doi:10.1177/0300060518777044

Wassermann B, Müller H, Berg G. An Apple a Day: Which Bacteria Do We Eat With Organic and Conventional Apples? Front Microbiol. 2019 Jul 24;10:1629. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.01629. PMID: 31396172; PMCID: PMC6667679.

Watts AM, West NP, Zhang P, Smith PK, Cripps AW, Cox AJ. The Gut Microbiome of Adults with Allergic Rhinitis Is Characterised by Reduced Diversity and an Altered Abundance of Key Microbial Taxa Compared to Controls. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2021;182(2):94-105. doi: 10.1159/000510536. Epub 2020 Sep 24. PMID: 32971520.

Wen W, Yang F, Shen X, Feng N, Ha H, Ma R. Regulatory Role of Zinc in Allergic Rhinitis through the IL-33/ST2 Pathway. J Healthc Eng. 2022 Jan 7;2022:3718317. doi: 10.1155/2022/3718317. PMID: 35035826; PMCID: PMC8759868.

Yang G, Liu ZQ, Yang PC. Treatment of allergic rhinitis with probiotics: an alternative approach. N Am J Med Sci. 2013 Aug;5(8):465-8. doi: 10.4103/1947-2714.117299. PMID: 24083221; PMCID: PMC3784923.

Zhao W, Ho HE, Bunyavanich S. The gut microbiome in food allergy. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2019 Mar;122(3):276-282. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2018.12.012. Epub 2018 Dec 20. PMID: 30578857; PMCID: PMC6389411.


The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics is a one-stop shop for reliable, science-based information about probiotics, prebiotics, and fermented foods.

Website: https://isappscience.org/for-consumers/learn/

Never give up on you!